West Chester University
Lit 165 Syllabus
ENG 020 Syllabus
About the Instructor
Notes for Introduction to Literature
Notes on the Art of Fiction: Early Forms
The Short Story
Graduate Students Define the Art of Fiction
Bartleby the Scrivener - Questions for Analysis
Notes on Melville
Critical Approaches to Literature
A Vocabulary for Short Fiction and Beyond
Study Guide for Fiction Exam
The Craft of Poetry
A Catalogue of Poems
Notes on Langston Hughes
Lines of Continuity
Poetry Take Home Exam
The Birth of Drama
A Doll House
Study Guide for the Final Exam
A Glossary of Literary Terms
Notes for Basic Writing (ENG 020)
The Rhetorical Situation
Essay #1 Assignment Sheet
Workshop Assignment for Essay#1
How to Write Descriptively
Building a Thesis
Overcoming Reader's Block
Analysis and the Culture of Advertising
Essay #2 Assignment Sheet
Writing Effective Introductions
Writing Effective Conclusions
Politics and the English Language
Propaganda: A Sample Analysis
Midterm Exam: Tips for Writing on the Spot
Notes on Rational Argument
Mapping the Parts of an Arugment
Announcements for LIT 165
Assignments for LIT 165
Announcements for ENG 020
Assignments for ENG 020
A Weblog for LIT 165
A Weblog for ENG 020
Join the Conversation
LIT 165 Discussion List
ENG 020 Discussion List
Strategies for Writing an Effective Conclusion ~~
- Does it bring
the discussion to a logical close?
- Does it strategically
engage readers and make the material presented seem more memorable?
TRY ONE OF THESE
- Use a transitional
phrase which summarizes the main points or restates the thesis of your essay.
For example: "As we have seen, poverty can create the kind of frustration,
despair, desperation, and drug use that contributes to crime; therefore, working
to alleviate poverty may be one of the most effective ways to prevent crime."
This is called a "summary statement." Avoid the cliché phrases,
"In summary," or "In closing," or "In conclusion,"
etc. These work better in speeches; in writing they come across as wooden
- Use any of the
strategies you used in your introduction to help you get the reader's attention
and motivate him/her to keep thinking about your topic.
- Create a satisfying
sense of closure by referring back in some creative way to your introductory
anecdote or scenario. Resume and then end the story, so to speak.
- Draw a conclusion!
(That is, present the generalized idea that logically follows from your discussion.
You're attempting to clarify consequences, results, or implications.)
- Elaborate on
a vision of the future that logically follows from your discussion.
- Call for action.
Invite your readers to undertake specific actions which seem necessary according
to your discussion.