West Chester University

Fall 2002

West Chester University

Spring 2002

Fall 2001





Course Information
  WRT 120 Syllabus
  Lit 165 Syllabus
  About the Instructor

Notes for Effective Writing I
  Understanding the 'Rhetorical Situation'
  Writing Descriptively
  What Makes a Good Story?
  Building a Thesis
  Notes on 'Purpose'
  Strategies for Writing Introductions
  Strategies for Writing Conclusions
  Assignment #5: Argument
  Understanding Rational Argument

Notes for Introduction to Literature
  Fundamental Questions About Literature
  Critical Approaches to Literature
  Approaching Literature
  Critical Thinking and Reading Literature
  Notes on Four Short Stories
  The Genesis of the Short Story
  Defining the Short Story
  The Art of the Short Story
  A Vocabulary for Fiction and Beyond
  Notes on Nathaniel Hawthorne
  Responding to 'The Birthmark'
  A Guided Reading of 'Bartleby the Scrivener'
  Bartleby--Questions for Analysis
  A Cultural Context for 'Bartleby the Scrivener'
  Notes on Innovative Fiction
  Study Guide for Fiction Exam
  Billy Collins - 'Introduction to Poetry'
  A Catalogue of Poems for Study
  Approaching a Definition of Poetry?
  Reading Poetry
  The Craft of Poetry: Imagery
  Readings from 'The United States of Poetry'
  The Craft of Poetry: Sound
  The Craft of Poetry: Structure
  Lines of Continuity
  Study Guide for Poetry Exam
  The Birth of Drama
  On Tragic Character
  Stepping Through 'Oedipus the King'
  Analyzing 'Oedipus the King'
  The Relevance 'Oedipus'Today
  Study Guide for the Drama Exam

Announcements and Assignments
  WRT 120 Announcements
  WRT 120 Assignments
  LIT 165 Announcements
  Lit 165 Assignments


Go Exploring
  Weblog for WRT 120
  Weblog for LIT 165
  Writing Assistance on the Web

Join an Online Forum
  WRT 120 Composition Forum
  LIT 165 Introduction to Literature Forum

~ A Weblog for Introduction to Literature ~

You can send me feedback or suggest a link for the weblog if you happen to come across an interesting site during your travels on the web. Just contact me, let me know the name of the site and the url, and I'll look into it.

The Compact Bedford Introduction to Literature, 6th ed.
by Michael Myers
This is the new companion Web site that accompanies the longer Bedford Introduction to Literature, Sixth Edition. Check this out for some useful online resources, like a glossary of literary terms, visual images, audio poetry clips, and further materials for the authors treated by your text in depth. When you explore the online resources, you'll find they're practically limitless! Defintely recommended.




Literature resources
This is a directory of literature related websites and discussion groups.


Favorite Poems Project
Americans Saying Poems They Love. Robert Pinsky's brainchild. Very cool idea; beautiful site.


Contemporary American Literature: Multicultural Perspectives
The U.S. State Department produced this overview to explain the diversity of contemporary American literature.


Outline of American Literature
A government produced online resource providing an overview of American Literature.


Writers on America
From the NY Times, Dec. 7, 2002: "The Bush administration has recruited prominent American writers to contribute to a State Department anthology and give readings around the globe in a campaign started after 9/11 to use culture to further American diplomatic interests. The participants include four Pulitzer Prize winners, Michael Chabon, Robert Olen Butler, David Herbert Donald and Richard Ford; the American poet laureate, Billy Collins; two Arab-Americans, Naomi Shihab Nye and Elmaz Abinader; and Robert Pinsky, Charles Johnson, Bharati Mukherjee and Sven Birkerts. They were all asked to write about what it means to be an American writer. Although the State Department plans to distribute the 60-page booklet of 15 essays free at American embassies worldwide in the next few weeks, one country has already banned the anthology: the United States. The Smith-Mundt Act of 1948, renewed when the United States Information Agency became part of the State Department three years ago, bars the domestic dissemination of official American information aimed at foreign audiences. Another words, Congress feared propaganda. Go there now now--see what you think.


The President's Council on Bioethics
In January, 2002, President Bush, by executive order, convened a "Council on Bioethics." A session was held in which professional panelists discussed Hawthorne's short story, "The Birthmark." How can anyone question this story's relevance for us today?


Sophocles - Scribners Writers Series
An encyclopedic tour through the life and work of one of Western literature's great masters.


Contemporary Authors and Scribner Writers Series
Available through a local elementary school in the West Chester Area School District, this resource, provided by Infotrac, links to a wealth of information on contemporary writers.


Study Guide for Oedipus the King
Study questions to help with reading, comprehending, and interpreting Oedipus the King.


Shakespeare's Tragic Hero: A Lecture
Lecture materials on the Shakespeare's tragic heroes from Global Campus.


Artist Profile: Ntozake Shange
From the site's main page: "As a service to the Internet community Bridges Web Services provides this comprehensive list of black theatre artists."


Library of Congress Webcasts
Many topics of interest here, including "Poetry in America: A Library of Congress Bicentennial Celebration," "with readings of "favorite poems" by [former] Poet Laureate Robert Pinsky, Rita Dove, Louise Gluck, and W.S. Merwin, along with Joshua Weiner and Naomi Shihab Nye. The reading celebrates the completion of The Favorite Poem Project, a video and audio archive of more than 1,000 Americans of all ages and from all backgrounds reading aloud their favorite poems.


Here "you can read, search, and annotate great works of literature by authors such as Dickens, Tolstoy, Shakespeare, and many others. The collection currently contains 673 books and 908 short stories by 198 authors. New works are added to the collection on a regular basis, many at the suggestion of readers. The works are split into seven categories which may be accessed via the links at the left of every page."


The British Library
One of the world's best library's is on the web with lots of interesting resources. Check out the "Automatic Treasure Machie" by following the link "in education" which will take you to the LIVING WORDS page. Excellent resource.


Poetry at Bibliomania
An extensive archive of poetry (as well as fiction and drama) resources.


The Beowulf Project
This site was designed by students at Pace University in New York, Fall 2002.


The Harvard Advocate
Contemporary art, fiction, poetry, and nonfiction in an attractive web format.


The Art of John Dos Passos
A brief overview of ...the art of John Dos Passos.


John Gardner's Specters and Salvation
From the site: "JOHN GARDNER received great acclaim for his novels The Wreckage of Agathon, Grendel, The Sunlight Dialogues, Nickel Mountain, October Light, and Freddy's Book , for his scholarly books, including The Life and Times of Chaucer , for his epic poem, Jason and Medeia, for his collections of stories, The King's Indian and The Art of Living and Other Stories, for his work of criticism, On Moral Fiction , and for his books of fairy tales for children. In addition he was a medievalist, banjoist, consultant on all subjects, and dispenser of general good advice."

  An Intrepid Lit Instructor's Page
Notes and links of interest to students in English Literature and Communications Studies, compiled by Professor John Lyle, Brock University. Last updated 1997, but still very useful.

  The Lady of Shallot
First enjoy the poem by Tennyson—then click around the rest of this site to study the gorgeous pre-Raphaelite paintings inspired by it.

Modern American Poetry Site (MAPS)
From the site:

MAPS is a comprehensive learning environment and scholarly forum for the study of modern American poetry. Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2001 by the Department of English, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. This site, and all information herein, is intended for non-profit, educational use only."


Hawthorne's Women
Scholarly consideration of Hawthorne's treatment of women. Does this essay shed light on Georgiana's character in "The Birthmark"? Find out



Notes on James Joyce
Notes on James Joyce courtesy of The Open Campus at Durham Tech.
What makes a good short story? Have fun stepping through Susan Glaspell's "A Jury of Her Peers" and find out. (Or rediscover what you already knew but forgot.)
From the site:
"Literature gives order to human experience.

Literature explores cultural values.
Literature demands an emotional response from the reader. Like a great journey, literature can show you things you have never seen before and will never forget.
Join our journey through a classic short story, "A Jury of Her Peers," by Susan Glaspell. Along the way, you'll solve the mystery of whether Minnie Wright killed her husband and explore the story's literary elements. You will also encounter rest stops where you can read more about the structure of story and take part in activities related to "A Jury of Her Peers."



Classic Short Stories
Another no-nonsense collection of links to on-line versions of classic short stories. It's truly an amazing collection--bookmark it for a rainy day. You never know when you'll want a searchable version of one of these classic short stories, or just something substantive to read once in a while besides email.


  The Multnoma County Library
Excellent compendium of literature related sites on the Internet. Although compiled for high school students in the Portland, Oregon area, this site is useful to anyone studying literature in college as well. For instance, I found the Author Links page, listed below, right here.



Bartleby's Blank Wall
An excellent web resource to supplement you're reading of "Bartleby the Scrivener" by Herman Melville. The team who put together this site did a great job, including two text versions of the story, one hyperlinked including explanatory notes, one the original as it appeared in Putnam's Monthly Magazine in 1853. Also included are scores of interesting images relating to references in the story, and plenty of bibliographic and textual references for serious researchers. Fun browsing, and maybe instructive too.

Other Bartleby sites of interest:

Bartleby the Scrivener, A Story of Wall Street: An Interactive Version

Paul Ford's presentation of the story on

  Author Links
Nothing fancy here, just a bunch of no-nonsense links to over a hundred author pages apparently compiled courtesy of Wessex Books and Records. I checked out a few links, including a great one for J.D. Salinger, to test the site and was amazed at the wealth of information gathered there. A not to be missed resource.


The United States of Poetry
The official website to accompany the television series. A great resource containing brief author bios and full text of the poems heard on the video. Excellent for supplementing your viewing of the video because it gives you a chance to study the poems you like best more closely.


Greek Mythology Link
IN THE SITE'S OWN WORDS: "The Greek Mythology Link is a new collection of the Greek myths written and published on line by Carlos Parada, author of the book Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology, published in 1993. The Greek Mythology Link contains texts, images, tables and maps. The mythical accounts are based exclusively on classical sources.

Oedipus the King - Lectures
A Series of lectures from a distance learning program designed around the Great Books.

The Shakespeare Classroom
From the site:
"This series of pages was originally intended for students who wish to study the works of William Shakespeare at the late high school or introductory college level. My email, however, suggests that others have been using these pages for a wide variety of purposes and at a wide range of levels--graduate students preparing to teach the Bard for the first time, home-school groups looking for more information, and elementary school students and teachers looking for quick summaries of major issues in the plays, to name a few. So feel free to browse around this site, whatever your level, and see what you can use. "
-JM Massi, Ph.D., Psy.D.







Questions? Contact me.

All materials unless otherwise indicated are copyright © 2001-2002 by Stacy Tartar Esch.
FALL 2001 site is available at BRAINSTORM-SERVICES.COM
The original contents of this site may not be reproduced, republished, reused, or retransmitted
without the express written consent of Stacy Tartar Esch.
These contents are for educational purposes only.