WRT 120 Syllabus
Lit 165 Syllabus
About the Instructor
Notes for Effective Writing I
Understanding the 'Rhetorical Situation'
What Makes a Good Story?
Building a Thesis
Notes on 'Purpose'
Strategies for Writing Introductions
Strategies for Writing Conclusions
Assignment #5: Argument
Understanding Rational Argument
Notes for Introduction to Literature
Fundamental Questions About Literature
Critical Approaches to Literature
Critical Thinking and Reading Literature
Notes on Four Short Stories
The Genesis of the Short Story
Defining the Short Story
The Art of the Short Story
A Vocabulary for Fiction and Beyond
Notes on Nathaniel Hawthorne
Responding to 'The Birthmark'
A Guided Reading of 'Bartleby the Scrivener'
Bartleby--Questions for Analysis
A Cultural Context for 'Bartleby the Scrivener'
Notes on Innovative Fiction
Study Guide for Fiction Exam
Billy Collins - 'Introduction to Poetry'
A Catalogue of Poems for Study
Approaching a Definition of Poetry?
The Craft of Poetry: Imagery
Readings from 'The United States of Poetry'
The Craft of Poetry: Sound
The Craft of Poetry: Structure
Lines of Continuity
Study Guide for Poetry Exam
The Birth of Drama
On Tragic Character
Stepping Through 'Oedipus the King'
Analyzing 'Oedipus the King'
The Relevance 'Oedipus'Today
Study Guide for the Drama Exam
Announcements and Assignments
WRT 120 Announcements
WRT 120 Assignments
LIT 165 Announcements
Lit 165 Assignments
Weblog for WRT 120
Weblog for LIT 165
Writing Assistance on the Web
Join an Online Forum
WRT 120 Composition Forum
LIT 165 Introduction to Literature Forum
Strategies for Writing an Effective Conclusion ~~
- Does it bring
the discussion to a logical close?
- Does it strategically
engage readers and make the material presented seem more memorable?
TRY ONE OF THESE
- Use a transitional
phrase which summarizes the main points or restates the thesis of your essay.
For example: "As we have seen, poverty can create the kind of frustration,
despair, desperation, and drug use that contributes to crime; therefore, working
to alleviate poverty may be one of the most effective ways to prevent crime."
This is called a "summary statement." Avoid the cliché phrases,
"In summary," or "In closing," or "In conclusion,"
etc. These work better in speeches; in writing they come across as wooden
- Use any of the
strategies you used in your introduction to help you get the reader's attention
and motivate him/her to keep thinking about your topic.
- Create a satisfying
sense of closure by referring back in some creative way to your introductory
anecdote or scenario. Resume and then end the story, so to speak.
- Draw a conclusion!
(That is, present the generalized idea that logically follows from your discussion.
You're attempting to clarify consequences, results, or implications.)
- Elaborate on
a vision of the future that logically follows from your discussion.
- Call for action.
Invite your readers to undertake specific actions which seem necessary according
to your discussion.